Vaccinium sect. Myrtillus

Dumortier

Fl. Belg. 53. 1827.

Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 522. Mentioned on page 516.

Shrubs, erect, to 4 dm, rhizomatous or not, (twigs sharply angled to terete, buds covered by 2 partially fused prophylls). Leaves deciduous, rarely subpersistent, (usually distichous). Inflorescences solitary flowers in axils of proximalmost leaves of leafy shoots of current-year. Pedicels continuous with calyx-tube. Flowers: sepals 5, (ca. 2 mm); petals 5, connate for nearly their entire lengths, corolla (closed in bud), globose to urceolate; stamens 10, included; anthers with conspicuous awns, tubules ca. 1-2 mm, with terminal pores. Berries 5-locular (each locule containing 10-50 ovules). Seeds (3-) 10-35.

Distribution

North America, Mexico, Central America (Guatemala), Europe, Asia

Discussion

Species 7 (7 in the flora).

Section Myrtillus is restricted to the Northern Hemisphere and has its greatest diversity along the Pacific Rim from Japan to Guatemala (S. P. Vander Kloet and T. A. Dickinson 1999). All of the seven species of this section occur in the flora area; Vaccinium ovalifolium also occurs in eastern Asia, V. caespitosum extends southward to Guatemala, and V. myrtillus is circumboreal. Species of the section are commonly called huckleberries, blueberries, bilberries, or whortleberries. All produce edible fruit, and most were food sources for Native American peoples in western North America. Although none has been domesticated, some species show potential for commercial cultivation.

Selected References

None.

"entire" is not a number.

... more about "Vaccinium sect. Myrtillus"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
Sam P. Vander Kloet +
Dumortier +
conspicuous +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
ovate;oblong-lanceolate or spatulate +
membranous;coriaceous +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
North America +, Mexico +, Central America (Guatemala) +, Europe +  and Asia +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
hairy +  and glabrous +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
ovoid;globose +
terminal +  and axillary +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
subpersistent +  and deciduous +
usually much shorter +
shorter to longer +
serrate +  and entire +
10-locular +, pseudo +  and 4-5-locular +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
not sticky +
4-5-carpellate +
2-10-flowered +
distinct +
ellipsoid +
procumbent +  and creeping +
creeping +, spreading +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
brochidodromous +
hairy +  and glabrous +
Vaccinium sect. Myrtillus +
Vaccinium +
section +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
not +  and rhizomatous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +