Vaccinium scoparium

Leiberg ex Coville

Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 5: 103. 1897 ,.

Common names: Grouse whortleberry
Endemic
Basionyms: Vaccinium myrtillus var. microphyllum Hooker Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 33. 1834
Synonyms: Vaccinium erythrococcum Rydberg
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 522. Mentioned on page 516.

Plants forming extensive colonies, 0.7–2 dm, rhizomatous; twigs green, angled, glabrous; ultimate branches compact, often forming broomlike clumps or tufts. Leaf-blades pale green abaxially, elliptic, lanceolate, or ovatelanceolate, 7–11 × 4–6 mm, margins finely serrulate, surfaces glabrous. Flowers: calyx pale green, lobes vestigial, glabrous; corolla pink, globose to urceolate, 3–4 × 3–4 mm, thin, glaucous; filaments glabrous. Berries red, ± translucent, or bluish purple, 4–6 mm diam. Seeds ca. 1 mm.


Phenology: Flowering early-mid summer.
Habitat: Alpine and subalpine meadows, heaths, talus slopes
Elevation: 700-3000 m

Distribution

V8 1015-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., N.Mex., Oreg., S.Dak., Utah, Wash., Wyo.

Discussion

The soft, tart, bright red berries of Vaccinium scoparium, to 6 mm diameter, have fair to good flavor and were gathered and eaten raw by the Kootenay, Okanogan, Shuswap, and other Indian tribes. Harvesting was probably done using wooden or fish-bone combs. Small fruit size, low yields, and difficult harvesting make commercial prospects for V. scoparium questionable.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

No values specified."entire" is not a number.

... more about "Vaccinium scoparium"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
Sam P. Vander Kloet +
Leiberg ex Coville +
conspicuous +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
Vaccinium myrtillus var. microphyllum +
bluish purple +, translucent +  and red +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
ovate;oblong-lanceolate or spatulate +
membranous;coriaceous +
extensive +
Grouse whortleberry +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Nev. +, N.Mex. +, Oreg. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +, Wash. +  and Wyo. +
700-3000 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
ovoid;globose +
Alpine and subalpine meadows, heaths, talus slopes +
terminal +  and axillary +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
subpersistent +  and deciduous +
usually much shorter +
shorter to longer +
10-locular +, pseudo +  and 4-5-locular +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
not sticky +
Flowering early-mid summer. +
4-5-carpellate +
Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. +
2-10-flowered +
distinct +
ellipsoid +
procumbent +  and creeping +
creeping +, spreading +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
brochidodromous +
Vaccinium erythrococcum +
Vaccinium scoparium +
Vaccinium sect. Myrtillus +
species +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +