Brunnichia

Banks ex Gaertner

Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 213, plate 45, fig. 2. 1788.

Common names: American buckwheat-vine ladies’-eardrops eardrop vine anserine liana
Etymology: for Morten Thrane Brunnich, 1737–1827, eighteenth-century Danish naturalist
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 482. Mentioned on page 216, 479, 480, 483.

Vines, perennial; roots thin, fibrous. Stems scandent, tendril-bearing, glabrous or pubescent; tendrils terminating branches, simple to branched. Leaves cauline, alternate, petiolate; ocrea persistent, chartaceous; blade ovate to ovatelanceolate, margins entire. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, paniclelike, usually pedunculate. Pedicels 3-winged, 1 wing more prominent and becoming greatly expanded in fruit, glabrous. Flowers bisexual, (1–) 3–5 per ocreate fascicle, base stipelike; perianth accrescent, greenish to greenish yellow, campanulate, indurate, glabrous; tepals 5, connate proximally, petaloid, slightly dimorphic, subequal; stamens 8; filaments distinct, adnate proximally to perianth-tube, glabrous; anthers pink to red, oval; styles 3, erect or spreading, distinct; stigmas 3, depressed-capitate. Achenes included in indurate perianth, tan to brown, unwinged, obscurely 3-gonous proximally, 3-gonous distally, glabrous. Seeds: embryo straight. x = 24.

Distribution

se United States, w Africa

Discussion

Species 4 (1 in the flora).

The African species of Brunnichia sometimes are segregated in the genus Afrobrunnichia Hutchinson & Dalziel.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

"/2" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Brunnichia"
3-gonous +
pink +  and red +
Walter C. Holmes +
Banks ex Gaertner +
stipelike +
ovate;ovatelanceolate +
foliaceous +  and perfoliate +
scale-like +
just below the soil surface or and above the soil surface +  and spreading +
American buckwheat-vine +, ladies’-eardrops +, eardrop vine +  and anserine liana +
se United States +  and w Africa +
for Morten Thrane Brunnich, 1737–1827, eighteenth-century Danish naturalist +
adnate +  and distinct +
disarticulating +  and solid +
decumbent to erect +  and prostrate +
unwinged +  and winged +
black +, red +, brown +  and yellowish +
exserted +  and included +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
spheroidal +, 4-gonous +, lenticular +, biconvex +, discoid +, 3-gonous +  and 2-gonous +
nonmembranous +
deciduous +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
lobed +, undulate +, crisped +, crenulate +  and entire +
swollen +
partly +  and foliaceous +
persistent +
cylindric +
coriaceous +  and membranous +
anatropous +, , +  and orthotropous +
accrescent +
campanulate +
accrescent +
(2-)3(-4)-carpellate +
Fruct. Sem. Pl. +
slender;stout +
tendril-bearing +
usually prostrate +  and erect +
penicillate +, fimbriate +  and capitate +
deciduous +  and persistent +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
coriaceous +  and membranous +
distinct +
spreading;erect +
Brunnichia +
Polygonaceae subfam. Polygonoideae +
simple +  and branched +
lobed +  and laciniate +
subequal +
coriaceous +
persistent +
membranous +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
expanded +