Carex pendula

Hudson

Fl. Angl., 352. 1762.

Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 421. Mentioned on page 258, 420.

Culms trigonous in cross-section, smooth distally. Leaves: ligules much longer than wide; blades 8–18 mm wide, glaucous, glabrous. Inflorescences 20–100 cm; proximal bract 15–60 cm; lateral spikes pendent, long-cylindric, (30–) 60–160 × 5–8 mm; terminal spike arching. Pistillate scales narrowly ovate to narrowly obovate, 3.3–4.2 × 1–1.6 mm, ± equaling to slightly exceeding perigynia, glabrous. Perigynia yellowish green to brownish green, dotted brown, somewhat inflated, narrowly ellipsoid, 2.6–4 × 1.1–1.5 mm, herbaceous; beak smooth. Achenes brown, smooth.


Phenology: Fruiting spring–early summer.
Habitat: Roadsides, stream banks
Elevation: 0–20 m

Distribution

V23 769-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Va., Wash., Europe, New Zealand

Discussion

Carex pendula is a handsome, robust clump-forming species with glaucous foliage; it is sometimes cultivated, especially in water gardens. It has a propensity to self-sow and is beginning to appear outside of cultivation on roadsides and stream banks. Its potential as an invasive species is unknown.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"less" is not a number."some" is not a number.

... more about "Carex pendula"
trigonous +
smaller +
A. A. Reznicek +
Hudson +
shortened +
tapering +
bidentate +
glabrous +  and glaucous +
flat +  and m-shaped +
8mm;18mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
reddish purple +
trigonous +
90 cm900 mm <br />0.9 m <br /> (180 cm1,800 mm <br />1.8 m <br />) +
Va. +, Wash. +, Europe +  and New Zealand +
0–20 m +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Roadsides, stream banks +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br />) +
long-cylindric +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
much longer than wide +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
sessile +  and veined +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
dotted brown +, yellowish green +  and brownish green +
0.26 cm2.6 mm <br />0.0026 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
Fruiting spring–early summer. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
long-sheathing +  and leaflike +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
adventitious +
0.33 cm3.3 mm <br />0.0033 m <br /> (0.42 cm4.2 mm <br />0.0042 m <br />) +
basal +  and proximal +
narrowly ovate;narrowly obovate +
1mm;1.6mm +
cylindric +
prophyllate +  and pedunculate +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
deciduous +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex pendula +
Carex sect. Rhynchocystis +
species +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br />) +
plant +  and cespitose +