Duchesnea indica var. indica

Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 273.

Stolons (1–) 3–10 (–13) dm. Leaves: stipules 5–8 mm, sparsely villous; petiole 2–20 cm, pilose; leaflets petiolulate, (1–) 3–5 (–7) × (0.8–) 1–3 cm, abaxial surface sparsely strigose, adaxial pilose or glabrous. Petioles 2–10 (–13) cm. Flowers: epicalyx bractlets spreading to slightly reflexed, obovate, 4–12 × 4–10 mm, 3 (–5) -toothed apically, foliaceous, sparsely villous at least on teeth and veins; sepals (3–) 4–10 mm, margins entire; petals 4–8 (–11) × 3–6 (–8) mm, apex rounded to truncate or emarginate; styles 1–1.5 mm. Achenes red, 1–1.5 mm, smooth, glossy. 2n = 84.


Phenology: Flowering spring–fall.
Habitat: Roadsides, cultivated fields, lawns, gardens, waste places, disturbed areas, occasionally in moist places
Elevation: 0–700[–3200] m

Distribution

V9 437-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; B.C., Ont., Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mich., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Asia, also in South America, Europe, Africa

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
superficial +
1mm +  and 1.5mm +
glabrous +  and pilose +
emarginate +  and truncate +
Barbara Ertter +  and James L. Reveal +
(Andrews) Teschemacher +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
Fragaria indica +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
cordate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
(1-)3-lobed +
free +  and distinct +
B.C. +, Ont. +, Ala. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Asia +, also in South America +, Europe +  and Africa +
not +  and aggregated +
0–700[–3200] m +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
3(-5)-toothed +  and obovate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
Roadsides, cultivated fields, lawns, gardens, waste places, disturbed areas, occasionally in moist places +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
winter-persistent +
cauline +  and basal +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
elliptic +  and obovate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +  and 3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
crenate +, serrate +  and flat +
inferior +  and superior +
clustered +, biseriate +  and superposed +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
free +  and distinct +
more or less equal to or shorter +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
Flowering spring–fall. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
Hort. Reg. & Gard. Mag. +
not arillate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
spreading +  and erect +
broadly lanceolate +  and ovate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Illustrated +  and Introduced +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
spreading +  and weakly erect +
palmate +  and pinnate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
deciduous +
distinct +
subterminal +
filiform +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
strigose +  and pilose +
Potentilla indica +
Duchesnea indica var. indica +
Duchesnea indica +
variety +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
inconspicuous +
ovoid +, compressed +, turbinate +  and hemispheric +
enlarged +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
herb +  and matted +