Plants not developing basal rosette of leaves, sometimes with long-creeping rhizomes. Stems erect, ascending, procumbent, or decumbent, normally with regular, leafy axillary shoots that tend to develop 2d-order axillary inflorescences (often overtopping 1st-order ones). Leaf-blades mostly lanceolate, elliptic, ovatelanceolate, or ovate-elliptic, base cuneate, or in some species broadly cuneate, rounded, truncate-cuneate, or indistinctly cordate. Inner tepals with margins entire, rarely minutely erose-denticulate.

Distribution

North America, South America, e Asia, Pacific Islands (Hawaii)

Discussion

Species ca. 40 (21) in the flora).

North american representatives of this section (except Rumex venosus, a distinctive species) form a polymorphic complex consisting of often interfertile races (N. M. Sarkar 1958). In most cases those races are separated morphologically and restricted geographically. They may be arranged into at least three aggregates (groups) that approximate the subsections described by K. H. Rechinger (1937): R. verticillatus aggr. (subsect. Verticillati Rechinger f.), R. altissimus aggr. (subsect. Salicifolii Rechinger f., in part), and R. salicifolius aggr. (subsect. Salicifolii, in part). In case of difficulty with identification, inevitable with immature or intermediate specimens, determination to the aggregate level is recommended. Those preferring more broadly circumscribed species may use existing infrageneric combinations (see J. C. Hickman 1984). Attempts have been made to submerge various “microspecies” (especially in the R. salicifolius group) into more broadly circumscribed taxa, usually R. salicifolius and R. mexicanus, and various combinations at subspecific and varietal ranks have been proposed (see Hickman). In my opinion, results of this approach are inconsistent (e.g., some taxa are treated as varieties while others, not less distinct, are accepted as species or subspecies) and in most cases less convincing than the original treatment by Rechinger and the thorough study by Sarkar. I agree with Sarkar (p. 993) that “any drastic taxonomic revision of the species of the Axillares section of Rumex should be postponed until more complete cytogenetic data have accumulated concerning the interrelationships of all the taxa in this section.”

"/2" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Rumex sect. Axillares"
unwinged +  and weakly winged +
tan;dark-brown +
pyramidal +, compressed-3-gonous +  and 3-gonous +
yellow +  and brownish yellow +
ovate +  and elongate +
Sergei L. Mosyakin +
Rechinger f. +
leafy +  and regular +
not articulated +
cordate +, truncate-cuneate +, rounded +  and cuneate +
crisped;undulate;flat;crisped;undulate;flat +
foliaceous +  and perfoliate +
scale-like +
tuberculate +
just below the soil surface or and above the soil surface +  and spreading +
North America +, South America +, e Asia +  and Pacific Islands (Hawaii) +
free +  and distinct +
unisexual +, bisexual +  and , +
disarticulating +  and solid +
decumbent to erect +  and prostrate +
unwinged +  and winged +
black +, red +, brown +  and yellowish +
exserted +  and included +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
spheroidal +, 4-gonous +, lenticular +, biconvex +, discoid +, 3-gonous +  and 2-gonous +
always distinctly wider and longer +
erose-denticulate +
nonmembranous +
deciduous +
cauline +  and basal +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
entire +, orbiculate +  and linear +
smaller +
narrower +
swollen +
partly +  and foliaceous +
deciduous +  and persistent +
cylindric +
membranous +
anatropous +, , +  and orthotropous +
accrescent +
campanulate +
accrescent +
fleshy +, indurate +  and membranous +
(2-)3(-4)-carpellate +
Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. +
sarkar1958a +
slender;stout +
not scapose +
decumbent +  and procumbent +
ascending +  and erect +
plumose +  and fimbriate +
deciduous +  and persistent +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
coriaceous +  and membranous +
distinct +
reflexed;spreading +
Undefined subg. Lapathum +, Rumex sect. Lapathum +  and Rumex subg. Lapathum +
Rumex sect. Axillares +
Rumex subg. Rumex +
section +
lobed +  and laciniate +
coriaceous +
persistent +
membranous +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
stoloniferous +  and rhizomatous +
annual +, biennial +  and perennial +
10 +, 9 +, 8 +  and 7 +